God's Sovereign Mercy
Scripture: Romans 9:14–9:23
Romans: The Gospel for God’s glory
God’s sovereign mercy
God is righteous to sovereignly show mercy to some to make his glory known
1) There is no injustice with God that he saves only those he unconditionally elects, 9:14.
What is the injustice with God that the objection alleges?
2) God is righteous for it is his nature to have mercy on whom he freely chooses, 9:15.
In answering the objection, Paul quotes from Exodus 33:19. How does this address the objection about God being unjust in electing people apart from anything they are or do?
3) God’s bestowal of mercy is not based on human will or effort but on God, 9:16.
How does v.16 relate to v.15?
4) God raised up Pharaoh to show his power and proclaim his name everywhere, 9:17.
How does Paul’s quote from Exodus 9:16 further answer the objection from v.14?
5) God is righteous in having mercy on whom he wills and hardening whom he wills, 9:18.
How is this a conclusion from what Paul has said so far?
6) Some object that if God sovereignly shows mercy he can’t find fault for none can resist his will, 9:19.
Put this objection in your own words.
7) Humans have no right to judge God, as a potter has the right to make things as he wills, 9:20-21.
What is Paul saying about God’s sovereignty with these illustrations?
8) God, desiring to make known his wrath and power, has patiently endured vessels of wrath prepared for destruction, 9:22.
What does Paul say are God’s purposes in patiently enduring vessels of wrath?
9) God has endured vessels of wrath to make known the riches of his glory for vessels of mercy prepared for glory,” 9:23.
What does Paul say is God’s overarching purpose in patiently enduring vessels of wrath? How will the way God has been patient with vessels of wrath impact the vessels of mercy?
10) God has called vessels of mercy from the Jews and the Gentiles, 9:24.
What are some of your take-aways from Paul’s teaching on God’s sovereign mercy?